Since 1990, the Icelandic Forestry Association (public / private), in co-operation with the Iceland Forest Service and the Soil Conservation Service (state agencies) are the primary agents of afforestation. Since the 1970s, the bulk of afforestation activity have been on farms. These farms are in areas where previous forest existed - within 50 miles off of the coast. Today, there are over 700 privately-owned farms that have developed forest generally around their homestead. These forests range in size of less than an acre to several hundred acres. The forest are used for habitat, erosion control, wind protection (very windy in Iceland), building material, fuel, barn bedding, and Christmas trees.
On the way north to Akureyri, (Iceland's second largest town, with a population of 17,750) we stopped to see Hraumfossar (falls), Barnafoss (falls) and the Grabrok volcano. Busy day, traveled 250 miles.